I am studing IGCSE english as second language and I wonder if you can help me by checking my writing and telling me my score according my syllabus (0510).
<p>I do not understand the difference between a metaphor and personification.</p>
Personification is basically giving a human -like quality to a non-living object.
For example, The thirsty earth soaked up the rain.
Here, we can assume that the ground was probably dry, so it soaked up water really fast. But, we're describing this action of soaking up water by the earth in a lifelike way, but attributing the adjective, thirsty, which is applicable only to living orgainisms.
Metaphor is a figure of speech which makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated but share some common characteristics. In other words, a resemblance of two contradictory or different objects is made based on a single or some common characteristics.
Basically, it is a simile with hidden meanings and without an 'as' or 'like'.
Let me give you an example:
The skies of his future darkened.
Here, we're comparing his future to 'darkened skies'. Also, the word 'darkening' usually has negative connotations, and here it implies that the coming future would not bode well for the boy.
I hope that the difference is clear now!
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