Hi can anyone help me out with the meanings or absolutism and relitivsm maybe put it into simpler concepts?? xx
Absolutism is the idea that one fact or moral concept will always be correct, no matter what the situation. For example, an absolutist might say lying is always wrong, no matter what your motive might be.
Relativism is the idea that every fact or moral concept is never truely correct in all situations. Everything has 2 sides. For example, with the lying example from above, a relativist would say it completly depends on the situation if lying is wrong. If you're lying because you don't want to admit that you've done something wrong, then yes, it would be wrong to lie. On the other hand, if you're lying to protect a friend or because you don't want to hurt someone with the truth, then the relativist would say this is morally justifyable and therefore lying is right.
Usually, most people are a mix of both, tending more towards absolutism or relativism on differebt topics. For example, someone who strongly opposes deforestation would say there is never a good enough reason to destroy such a precious source of biodiversity as a rainforest (absolutist). However, on another subject such as moral implications of stem cell treetment, the same person could be pretty neutral. They see that taking lives of embryos in the production process is destroying potential human life, whcih can't be right. They also understand though that we as humans are under a moral obligation to help people suffering from illnesses which stem cell treetment could heal. Because they see both sides of the argument, they have relativist views on this topic.
So put simply, absolutism is when you only agree with one side to an argument, no matter what the other side looks like. You always stick to your original moto. Relativism is when you always look at both sidea of the argument before you decide which side is 'right'.
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