Attachment: Deprivation, separation & privation
Quick revise

After studying this topic you should be able to:

  • explain Bowlby’s maternal deprivation (separation) hypothesis
  • distinguish between the concepts of deprivation (separation) and privation
  • describe and evaluate research into the effects of both deprivation (separation) and privation
  • assess the impact of both deprivation (separation) and privation on development

Defining deprivation and privation

  • Again, note that the use of the term ‘maternal’ was to describe mothering – this does not necessarily have to be done by a woman.

The effects of deprivation






  • The term ‘anaclitic’ means ‘arising from emotional dependency on another’.

The effects of privation




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