Health - “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (World Health Organisation).
Fitness -general or specific. Ability to meet the demands of the environment.
Healthy, active lifestyle - a lifestyle which contributes positively to physical, mental and social wellbeing, and includes regular exercise and physical activity.
Exercise - a form of physical activity which maintains or improves healthy and/or physical fitness
Performance - how well a task is completed
General Fitness: fit for everyday activities.
For this, you need 4 S’s
Also included are:
Cardiovascular endurance - muscles get enough oxygen to work properly
Muscular endurance - muscles don’t get tired too quickly
Good body composition - neither too thin or too fat
Specific Fitness (skill related fitness) = fitness to play sport at a high level.
Agility - to change direction quickly
- TEST - Illinois Agility Test
Balance - so you don’t fall over
- TEST - Standing Stork test
Co-ordination - to move accurately and smoothly
- TEST - Three Ball Juggle
- Power - the ability to undertake strength performances quickly. Power = strength x speed
Reactions - to respond quickly
- TEST - Ruler Drop Test
Speed - the differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time
- TEST - 30 metre sprint
Cardiovascular Fitness – keeping muscles supplied with oxygen
Muscular Fitness – you can push, pull, throw, lift very hard or very quickly.