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Foetus lies with its head down against stretched cervix

Weak contraction of uterus every 30min.

These increase in strength and frequency

Caused by hormone oxytoccin secreted by posterior pituitary gland

When cervix is fully dilated

Expulsion of baby by contractions of mother's abdominal muscles

- Umbilical cord shuts down, isolating baby from mother

- CO2 content of the blood rises to stimulate baby's first breath

Expulsion of placenta 30min after birth

- Pregnancy lasts 38 weeks from implantation, 40 weeks from last period

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