Title

Analysis Breakdown
Quick revise

Lexis

Register

  • Formality
  • Informal – Monosyllabic, colloquial, elision, fronted cons, simple lexis, non-standard grammar
  • Formal – Polysyllabic, Standard English

Emotive Lexis – Connotations, positive & negative – pejoratives

Semantic field - & field specific lexis

Figurative imagery

  • Metaphors – Comparing one thing to another – E.g. ‘man of steel’
  • Hyperbole – over-exaggeration – E.g. ‘I’ve walked a 1000 miles’
  • Simile – comparison with ‘like’ or ‘as’ – E.g. ‘eyes like diamonds’
  • Personification – giving human characteristics – E.g. ‘the sea waved’
  • Oxymoron – contradiction in terms – E.g. ‘Bitter sweet’ – ‘cold sweat’

Repetition – helps cohesion – including tripling and anaphora

Humour – Puns, taboo

Reported Speech – quote from 3rd party

Coinage – creation of new words

Listing – helps speed text along

Archaism –

  • Archaic inflections – ‘Whilest’
  • Interchangeable letters – (I and Y) – (U and V) – (long F and S)
  • Archaic syntax – word order – ‘Repent and thou shall be saved’
  • Archaic Lexis – ‘Bacchanalia’ – ‘tempest’
  • Latinate – after renaissance 14th to 17th Centuries
  • French – After 1066 and Norman Invasion
  • Neologisms- borrowings, compounding, blending, acronym, initialism
  • Semantic change – amelioration, pejoration, broadening, narrowing
  • Non standard spelling – reminiscent of speech before GVS of 15th to 17th centuries
  • Non-consistent spelling –words spelled differently within same text – idiosyncratic
  • Irregular capitalisation – showing lack of education before 1870 Education act made compulsory

Grammar

Word classes

  • Nouns, adjectives, pronouns, verbs, adverbs
  • Intensifiers – give extra emphasis to words
  • Sentence types – simple, compound and complex
  • Sentence functions – interrogative, declarative, exclamatory, imperative
  • Parenthesis – giving extra information

Phonology

  • Alliteration – speeds up and gives extra emphasis – ‘crunchy cornflakes’
  • Harsh consonants – give extra emphasis – ‘Dark’ , ‘Dirty’
  • Rhythm – gives cohesion and flow to text
  • Rhyme – makes memorable
  • Assonance – internal rhyme – ‘Fakes mates’
  • Sibilance – Alliteration with S sound – ‘the Snakes slithered’

Spontaneous speech

  • Ellipsis – words omitted from utterance – ‘going out?’
  • Phatic expression – unnecessary lexis used for politeness– ‘how are you?’
  • Diexis – context dependant utterance – ‘tonight’
  • Clipping – abbreviation – ‘goin’
  • Discourse marker – shows about to begin speaking – ‘so’, ‘Right’, ‘OK’
  • False starts, elision, pause, fillers, unintentional repetition, Question tags
Rate: 
3.5
Average: 3.5 (4 votes)