Types of Farming

Quick revise

Farming can be classified (grouped) according to what it grows and how it is grown

  • Arable: Crops
  • Pastoral: Animals
  • Mixed: Crops and animals
  • Subsistence: Grown just for the farmer and his family
  • Commercial: Grown to sell
  • Intensive: High inputs of labour or capital ususally small
  • Extensive: Low inputs of labour or capital
  • Sedentary: Permanently in in one place
  • Nomadic: The farmers move around to find new areas to farm

This video explains the different types of farming

Types of Farming video link

Farming System

Farms are systems with inputs, processes and outputs

  • Inputs: Money, labour, soil, climate, drainage, fertiliser, fuel
  • Processes: Planting, ploughing, spraying, harvesting, shearing, milking
  • Outputs: Milk, cereals, eggs, wool, meat, hay, waste material