Types of Farming

Farming can be classified (grouped) according to what it grows and how it is grown

  • Arable: Crops
  • Pastoral: Animals
  • Mixed: Crops and animals
  • Subsistence: Grown just for the farmer and his family
  • Commercial: Grown to sell
  • Intensive: High inputs of labour or capital ususally small
  • Extensive: Low inputs of labour or capital
  • Sedentary: Permanently in in one place
  • Nomadic: The farmers move around to find new areas to farm

This video explains the different types of farming

Farming System

Farms are systems with inputs, processes and outputs

  • Inputs: Money, labour, soil, climate, drainage, fertiliser, fuel
  • Processes: Planting, ploughing, spraying, harvesting, shearing, milking
  • Outputs: Milk, cereals, eggs, wool, meat, hay, waste material



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