Reasons people go on extreme holidays
- To do something adventurous e.g. Ice Climbing
- To enjoy a holiday with an element of Risk involved e.g. Rafting
- To see scenery that can’t be seen anywhere else e.g. Ice bergs
- To see wildlife that can’t be seen anywhere else e.g. Polar bears
Reasons for the increase in demand for extreme environments
- Improvements in travel have made it easier and quicker to get to them.
- People are keen to see these places while they can e.g. before the polar caps melt
- TV Travel Programmes are making adventure holidays more appealing.
Case Study: Antarctica
Impacts of Tourism
- Deforestation is caused by cutting down fuel for the tourists to get there
- Footpath/ice erosion is caused by large numbers of tourists exploring at once
- Litter and rubbish is being left on the ground
- People are getting too close to the wildlife and many are fleeing their habitats
- There is the threat of pollution, such as oil spills, from cruisers transporting people there
- Some tourists interfere with Scientists' research by unknowlingly bringing in seeds or spores from other areas
Strategies used to reduce the impacts of Tourism
- Only ships of 500 people or less can land in Antarctica and only 100 people are allowed on land at one time.
- Smoking is banned on Antarctica
- Wildlife is to be observed not to be approached
- On tours, people are told not to wonder off and disturb scientific studies.
- Visitors are advised to wear suitable Antarctic footwear to preserve the Ice.