Psychological Factors

Quick revise


Can have good and bad effects. It must be controlled.

There are 2 types:

1. Indirect – hitting objects (tennis balls)

2. Direct – actual physical contact (rugby)


People with different personalities prefer different sports. You can use the words introverted and extroverted to describe people’s personalities.


Tend to choose sports with more of  these attributes

  • Individual performances
  • Concentration
  • Precision
  • Less pain
  • Calm
  • Self-motivation
  • Thinking
  • Intricate skills
  • Less arousal


Tend to choose sports with more of  these attributes

  • Excitement
  • Activity
  • Team involvement
  • Arousal
  • Speed
  • More pain
  • Simple skills
  • Less concentration
  • Less thinking

Psychological aspects of fitness and sport

This video shows a range of different opinions are expressed on the impact exercise and sport have on the brain and the role of sports psychology in producing good performance. The mental health issues related to performing at top level in sport are discussed.

Mental Preparation

You need to be mentally fit to perform well at most sports.


This is how keen you are to do something, the force that drives you on, your desire to succeed.

It can be Intrinsic or Extinsic.

  • Intrinsic - this comes from inside you. You play the sport because you want to do well at it and you enjoy it.
  • Extrinsic - this comes from outside. You may want to do well for a reward, such as money or publicity.


  • This is about being excited, keen, and mentally ready to perform a task.
  • If your arousal level is too low, you will not perform at your best because you probably aren’t that excited.
  • If your arousal level is too high, you become anxious and nervous, so you won’t be able to give your best performance.
  • If your arousal level is just right, you will be determined and ready, so should perform well.