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Question 2
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To what extent were the actions of the Zionist movement the main cause of the creation of the state of Israel in 1948?

  • You must deal adequately with the given factor even if you wish to argue that other factors were as or more significant
  • In relation to the Zionist movement:
    • examine the origins of the modern desire for a Palestinian homeland for the Jews (e.g. Herzl and the World Zionist Organisation)
    • the encouragement of Jewish immigration to Palestine during the British Mandate
    • developing Arab-Zionist tensions
    • the actions of the Irgun and Stern Gang, Ben Gurion and the Jewish Agency
    • fighting with the Arab League
  • Such discussion must be balanced against other factors such as the attitudes and policies of Britain and the USA, the impact of the Second World War and the holocaust
  • Argue that although the Zionists did much to press for the creation of a Jewish Homeland, their more extremist elements and their attitudes towards Arabs and their terrorist actions made the creation of a Jewish state more difficult and also alienated opinion
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